Mitochondria are the powerhouses of the cell. Located in the cytoplasm of the cells, mitochondria generate energy via the synthesis of Adenosine Tri Phosphate (ATP). The density of the mitochondria in a cell may vary with each different organ type. Mitochondria are exceedingly dynamic and are stimulated by physiological stimuli.
They form approximately 40% of the cell cytoplasm and are considered the life line of the cell. Their proper function is critical for good health and longevity. If their functional ability is hindered then they are considered dysfunctional.
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in numerous disease states. Therefore, it is important to get a gauge on the functionality of the mitochondria with MITOSWAB™. Information gathered from MITOSWAB™ can lead to therapeutic strategies that target the health of the mitochondria.
Mitochondrial Disease vs Mitochondrial Dysfunction
Primary mitochondria diseases are the result of genetically inherited or spontaneous mutations in mitochondrial DNA nuclear DNA which lead to altered functions of the proteins or RNA (ribonucleic acid) molecules that normally reside in mitochondria. This results in a chronic disorder characterized by the inability of the mitochondria to produce enough energy for proper cell or organ function.
Secondary mitochondrial disease is always related to another disorder or illness which causes mitochondria to malfunction despite the normal formation of mitochondria.
Mitochondrial dysfunction can occur as a result of other diseases, environmental toxins, and drugs. This generally leads to reduced ATP production and oxidative stress. Some of the disease states where mitochondrial dysfunction has been well studied are:
Autism, Dementia, developmental delays, seizures, neuropsychiatric disease, migraine, mental retardation, neuropathic pain, absent reflexes, weakness, dysautonomia, temperature instability.
Weakness, hypotonia, irritable bowel syndrome, gastroesophageal reflux disease, dysmotility, diarrhea and constipation.
Visual loss, optic atrophy, ptosis, deafness, acquired strabismus, ophthalmoplegia, retinitis pigmentosa.
Cardiomyopathy, cardiac conduction defects.
Chronic Fatigue, short stature, failure to gain weight.
Type II diabetes, parathyroid failure.
Renal tubular acidosis
Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Disease
Mitochondrial dysfunction can occur as a result of genetic defects or as a result of other diseases, toxins, and drugs. This will lead to reduced ATP production and oxidative stress. Some of the disease states where mitochondrial dysfunction has been well studied are Autism, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson's, mental retardation, obesity, and stroke.
Mitochondria are the powerhouses of the cell. Located in the cytoplasm of the cells, mitochondria generate energy via the synthesis of Adenosine Tri Phosphate (ATP). The density of the mitochondria in a cell may vary with each different organ type based on the energy needs.